Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Red-Rumped Swallow (Hirundo daurica)


This bird is around 18 cm in length. The buffy underparts have long, dark streaks. The underwing-coverts are creamy white, while the under tail-coverts are black. On the upperparts, the crown and back are a glossy, deep blue. They are separated by a chestnut collar. The rump is chestnut to orange-rufous, finely streaked with black. The upper wing and upper tail are blackish and slightly glossy. The tail feathers are elongated, up to 3.5 cm. The blackish bill is short and flat with a wide gap. The female has similar plumage, but has a shorter tail than male.


The Red-Rumped Swallow breeds in open or partly wooded country, in hilly areas and mountains, valleys, sea cliffs, cultivated areas and towns. It builds its nest in caves, buildings, under rocky ledges and bridges. It usually avoids the dense forest, the wide open plains and the highest elevations.


The diet consists of insects, snatched out of the sky during flight, as with other swallows and similar birds.

Protection Status

This species is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

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