Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Birds

Rose-Ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri)

Description

Rose-ringed Parakeet has yellow-green plumage, long, graduated tail and broad, rounded and hooked pinkish-red bill. Males show a black bib, narrow black and pink collar extending from the bib, around the cheeks, to the nape sides where it tapers into a fine point. This half collar is bordered behind by narrow pink line extending across the nape, below an indistinct bluish crescent on the hind crown. Flight feathers are darker green above than below where they are mostly grey.The female has only a dull emerald-green collar, and lacks blue, pink and black on the head. This bird is around 41 cm long, and is the only Parrot found in Europe.

Habitat

It is common in cultivated areas, urban parks and gardens, open countryside with trees, palm-trees thickets, dry and open forest. It also may be found in semi-desert areas and second grow open jungles, mainly in lowlands. It frequents semi-desert savannahs with short grass, open bushy areas, wooded valleys and evergreen forests. This species is now common in the large urban parks.

Diet

The rose-ringed parakeet lives in places where there’s an abundance of nuts, seeds and fruits supplemented by other crops, such as wheat, maize, coffee, dates, figs and guavas. These foods ripen at different times, sustaining the parakeet throughout the year If food is scarce due to a failed crop, for example, the parakeet leaves its home range to eat whatever plant matter it finds.

Protection Status

This species is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Interesting Facts

The Rose-Ringed Parakeet is known as a species adaptable to urbanisation and deforestation. They can establish feral populations in several European cities, South Africa and Japan despite different climate conditions. 

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