Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Birds

Common Raven (Corvus corax)

Description

Resembling a huge, thick set Crow, the Raven is an intimidating bird, measuring around 65 centimetres long. It has a thick neck, shaggy throat feathers, and a huge beak resembling a Bowie Knife. In flight, ravens have long, wedge-shaped tails. They’re more slender than crows, with longer and narrower wings. Common Ravens are entirely black, right down to the legs, eyes, and beak. Predators are few for the Common Raven due to its defensive abilities, being very successful in defending their young by driving off pereived threats, where they fly at predators and lunge with their large bills.

Habitat

Most Common Ravens prefer wooded areas with large expanses of open land nearby, or coastal regions for their nesting sites and feeding grounds. They are often located in coastal regions because these areas provide easy access to water and a variety of food sources.

Diet

Common Ravens are omnivores, but most of their diet is meat. At times they eat arthropods, seeds, and grain, but they are more carnivorous than crows. They scavenge for carrion and garbage and also prey on rodents and on the eggs and nestlings of other birds.

Protection status

This species is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Interesting Facts

In many cultures in Eurasian countries, the common raven has been revered as a spiritual figure or godlike creature.The Common Raven is the only other vertebrate to communicate about objects or events that is not in their current view. They also have displayed problem-solving, imitation and insight.

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