Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Birds

Eurasian Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)

Description

This bird is very small, only measuring around 8 to 12 cm in length, with an approximate wingspan of 12 to 16 cm. This bird has a round body, and is dark brown on top, and speckled light brown underneath, with fairly long brown legs. It can be identified by its tail, which usually points straight up into the air. This is a very common bird, and very widespread. There are an estimated 44 subspecies of this bird. The movements of the Wren as it creeps are constant rather than rapid, with swift and direct short flights.

Habitat

In Europe, this bird can be found in areas with thick vegetation cover, such as hedgerows, gardens, forests and parks. This bird will not usually be seen flying, it instead hops in and out of cover looking for food.

Diet

The Eurasian Wren mainly eats invertebrates, specifically insects, but also spiders, millipedes and snails. It will also sometimes take vertebrate prey like small fish, tadpoles and young frogs, as well as some plant matter like berries or seeds.

Protection Status

This species is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Interesting Facts

The Eurasian Wren was the sacred bird to the druids, who considered it ‘king of all birds’, using its musical notes for divination.

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