Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Common Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)


The Common Pheasant has a length of up to 89cm, and weighs between 1,050-1,400g for males, and has a length of up to 63cm, and weighs between 900-1,050g for females.Males can vary in size and plumage, though all would have a long-tail, with a bronze-gold coloured body and green-blue head. They have a distinctive red wattle on their face. Due to hybridisation between subspecies the colour distinction of the Pheasant will not always be the same for every individual.Females on the other hand are pale, greyish brown.While they can do short-distance flying, they prefer to run, though if startled will can suddenly burst upwards at great speed.


The Common Pheasant primarily inhabit wooded landscapes but will commonly leave woodland to feed.


Common Pheasants’ feed on a wide range of food in woodland, such as fruit, berries, grain and insects. They also have lizards, small mammals and occasionally small birds in their diet.

Protection Status 

This species is listed as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List.

Interesting facts

The Common Pheasant is a polygamous species, often accompanied by a harem of several females. 

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