Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Mammals

Savi's Pipistrelle (Hypsugo savii)

Description

Savi's Pipistrelle has relatively long fine and silky fur which varies from pale yellowish brown to dark brown on the upper-side and yellowish-white to grey-white on the underside with a clear separation between the two. Its wings, ears and face are dark in contrast to the body.             This species is a rather large member of its genus, with long, thin ears, an elongated tragus and a tail that projects slightly from the tail membrane. The bat has a head and body length of between 44 to 51 mm and a forearm length between 32 and 38 mm. It weighs around 7.4 to 9.9 g.

Habitat

Savi's pipistrelle is native to the Mediterranean region of southern Europe, North West Africa, the Middle East, central Asia, Mongolia and northern Japan. It is also found on the Canary Islands, Switzerland and Austria and has been recorded from Slovakia. It is mainly inhabits mountainous regions where it is found at altitudes of up to 2,500 meters. It favors bushy slopes with clumps of trees, scrubland, cliffs, gorges and ruins. During the summer it hides by day under the bark of trees, in rock clefts, in hollow trees, in holes in walls, in buildings under rafters and roof tiles. During winter it seeks more protected places to roost such as near the entrances of caves, in underground vaults and in deep rock crevices, where it normally hides by itself.

Diet

Savi's Pipistrelle is insectivorous meaning its main food source consists largely of small to medium sized insects such as flies and beetles which it hunts through the use of echolocation.

Protection Status

The bat is currently listed as "least concern" on the IUCN Red List. Although It is protected through the Bonn Convention in the countries that have ratified that treaty.

Interesting facts

The Savi’s pipistrelle belongs to a family of bats known as the vesper or evening bats. The vesper family is the largest bat family, consisting of over 300 species found on every continent except Antarctica.

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