Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Reptiles & amphibians

Common wall lizard (Podarcis muralis)


The common wall lizard is not particularly large, as it never exceeds the 20 cm, with tail only being half of the body length. The usual main colour is brown, however it can vary from individual to individual, with some being greyish or greenish. The sides are covered in black and white spots, whilst the underside is divided into six rectangular scales that can either be vaguely red, pink, or orange. Males appear to be more colourful than females, by displaying some yellow and green spots.


This species is vastly distributed worldwide, as it not only naturally occurs in most of Europe, but it has also been artificially introduced in England and North America. The Common Wall Lizard tends to go for habitats with few vegetation and vast spaces where sunlight exposure is abundant. However, it is also found on roadside and areas with dense human activity, such as houses.


The Podarcis muralis diet mainly consists in the consumption of small insects (e.g. grasshoppers and butterflies). Sometimes whole earth worms are also consumed.

Protection Status

This species is listed as “Least Concern” by IUCN Red List.

Interesting Fact

The Common Wall Lizards are excellent climbers, and they resort to this skill of them by jumping to catch flying insects. They are also very talented at swimming, in fact they are often found in pools and lakes, but only for a short time.

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