Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Reptiles & amphibians

Marsh frog (Pelophylax ridibundus)

Description

This semi-aquatic species is highly adaptable, and found in all types of water bodies including those which are slightly salty. Males are generally around 12 cm, while the larger females can get to a maximum length of 17 cm. Both sexes have a large head and long legs and their colouration varies from dark green to brown or grey, and have a lighter stripe on the back. This species is found in most of Europe and also in some places in Asia. Pelophylax kurtmuelleri (Balkan frog) exhibits similar morphology and is also found throughout much of Greece so it is important to distinguish between the two species.

Habitat

Found in a variety of habitat types including forest, steppe, grassland and desert zones, this frog has been observed breeding in marine water and has an affinity for modified habitats. Arid areas, river valleys and channels are inhabited and the marsh frog prefers open, warmed areas with abundant herbaceous vegetation.

Diet

The main prey species include wetland invertebrates including dragonflies, spiders, earthworms and slugs among other insects. Larger specimens have been observed eating small rodents, smaller amphibians and fish.

Protection status

This species is listed as “Least Concern” by IUCN Red List.

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