Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Reptiles & amphibians

Balkan green lizard (Lacerta trilineata)

Description

This species is the biggest lizard in its family that is found in Greece. It has a snout to vent length of up to 16 cm with the tail usually being twice as long as this. The balkan green lizard is usually green with darker scales spread along the body, occasionally this may give the species a more tan or grey colour. There is some colour variation between the islands, with yellow or blue coloured ‘bibs’ being present under the chin on some morphs. Juveniles and sub-adults are much darker with light stripes running down the body. Males have large heads but a characteristically narrow snout.

Habitat

L. trilineata can inhabit a variety of habitats from dense vegetation to open areas and meadows. It can also be found in bushes, abandoned cultivated sites and even near streams and ditches. The juveniles are usually found in slightly different areas containing high grass and dense shrubbery. It can be found from sea level up to 1600 m above sea level.

Diet

The Balkan green lizard feeds mainly on arthropods and beetles but will also feed on plant material such as flowers and fruit when necessary. They are opportunistic and their diet varies depending on the season.

Protection status

This species is listed as “Least Concern” by IUCN Red List.

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