Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Reptiles & amphibians

Ottoman viper (Montivipera xanthina)


The Ottoman viper has a venomous bite like all vipers. It can grow to a length of 70-95 cm. This viper will hibernate, often communally, for the winter if the climate necessitates it.


It can be found in mountainous or hilly areas, stony hillsides, open woods, pastures, meadows and swamps.


It feeds on rodents, other small mammals, lizards and birds.

Protection status

This species is listed as “Least Concern” by IUCN Red List.

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