Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Reptiles & amphibians

European rat snake (Zamenis situla)

Description

A non-venemous snake that can reach a total length of 1 m. It has a grey-yellow colour dotted with brown or red blotches along the top of the body and its flanks throughout its entire length. It has a characteristic black, U-shaped pattern between its nostrils and eyes.

Habitat

Frequents many anthropogenic influenced areas like vineyards and olive orchards. It is also found in sclerophyllous habitats or rocky outcrops.

Diet

Zamenis situlus is a diurnal species that hunts small mammals, birds, and lizards.

Protection status

This species is listed as “Least Concern” by IUCN Red List.

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