Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Trees & Shrubs

Ivy (Hedera helix)


Hedera helix is a climbing plant that grows up to 20 or even 30 meter when possible. This plant can also grow horizontally when no vertical ways are possible, using aerial rootlets that can cling to surfaces. Ivy has leaves that grow alternate. Five-lobed leaves are replaced by unlobed leaves upon maturity. Flowers grow from late summer to the end of autumn, and are an important late-year nectar source for different types of insects. Hedera helix has berries ranging in colour from purple-black to orange-yellow, ripening in late winter. These berries are a bit poisonous for humans, but are an important food source for birds.


This species prefers a near-neutral pH on dark and rough surfaces in moist locations. Found in shady locations with no direct sunlight to avoid drying. It is found in most of the European countries, occupying deciduous forest edges, woodlands, hedgerows, coastal areas, salt marsh edges, and other upland areas.

Protection status

This species is listed as “Least Concern” by the IUCN Red List.

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