Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Trees & Shrubs

Dog rose (Rosa canina)


The dog rose appears as a large shrub that can grow up to 3m. It has long branches covered with tough, curved thorns, which get thinner as they get closer to the petals. Usually, 5-7 leaflets compose the leaves, with 2 long, pointed stipules at the bottom of each. The flower can either be pink or white, borne in groups of 2 or 3. The sepals are curved, and with linear appendages at the margin. It is characterised by red or orange large hips.


The dog rose naturally belongs to Greece, including the Peloponnese, the Aegean islands and Crete. It can be found in forests and shrub lands.

Protection status

This species is listed as “Least Concern” by the IUCN Red List.

Interesting facts

There are numerous subspecies of Rosa canina, 9 in total. It has long been known and used for its medical properties.

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