Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Trees & Shrubs

Valonia oak (Quercus macrolepis)


The Valonia oak is a deciduous tree characterised by a big and wide crown. Its leaves are hard, felted and divided into lobes on the sides. As an oak, the male flowers are on catkins, while the female flowers appear either single on in pairs, and are supported by short stalks. The flowers give birth to the fruits, which usually are short and large nuts, with the bottom half covered by a big ovate cup.


This species is widely spread in Greece, covering both the centre and south, including the eastern Aegean islands, the Cyclades and Crete. It naturally occurs in lowlands and moderate mountainous areas.

Protection status

This species is listed as “Not Evaluated” by the IUCN Red List.

Interesting facts

Despite being a deciduous tree, which means that it should lose its leaves, this tree loses them in late winter.

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