Wild life and nature of Samos, Ikaria & Fournoi

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Trees & Shrubs

Giant filbert (Corylus maxima)

Description

Very similar to the hazel, the Giant filbert is a deciduous shrub, with a height of 6-10m, and stems that can be 20cm thick. It gives rise to its flowers in late winter, and they develop into wind-pollinated catkins. The male flowers appear as pale yellow, and quite long, between 5 and 10 cm, meanwhile the female flowers are bright red and much shorter, maximum 3mm long. The flowers produce the fruits, which consist in nuts, in groups of five, and they are completely covered by the cup.

Habitat

This tree is largely cultivated in Greece in different kind of environments, and it can also naturally occur in mountainous areas.

Protection status

This species is listed as “Not Evaluated” by the IUCN Red List.

Interesting facts

Being similar to hazels, the Corylus maxima nuts are also edible and largely consumed, especially in North America.



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